Pol Pot Was Not the Great Khmer Rouge leader, But a person who was Afraid of Losing the Power
Posted by khmernews on July 3, 2007
Regarding the claim that the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) will carry out the trials on former Khmer Rouge leaders in early 2008, François Ponchaud and David Chandler, historian researchers of the Khmer Rouge history, continue to reveal the reasons of the Killing Fields in Cambodia so that the public and international community can understand more clearly.
A book which has been researched and organized shows the cowardice of Pol Pot, who even became the Prime Minister of the Democratic Kampuchea (DK) Regime, as well as other Khmer Rouge leaders still dared not to appear in the public with their real names and always hid behind their protective shield—the word “Angkar”.
The research has reflected Pol Pot’s real characteristics that although he became the PM of the DK regime, he still continued to live and lead the country in shadow, and this showed the imbalance of Pol Pot’s psychological well-being.
It has been written that Pol Pot was too leery and worried about losing the power. Therefore, Pol Pol didn’t ‘use’ educated people and caused a lot of problems to the Cambodian society.
After grabbing the power in April, 1975, Pol Pol showed his belief that the People Revolution had enough force and capacity to achieve the Socialist Revolution of the Communist Party of Kampuchea.
Pol Pot refused to accept civil servants and scholars of the previous government to help in developing the country. This was because Pol Pot thought that those people could become the enemies or obstacles of the socialist revolution.
Various documents show that in 1975, after the application of the DK constitution, Salot Sar changed his name to Pol Pot and became the Prime Minister, which made people doubtful about the background of Pol Pot.
It’s said that Pol Pot was having a sickness of too much worry about the politics, which made him always prepare to fight with all threats and urgency.
Concerning Pol Pot’s anxiety on his future politics, it is questioned that, “For Pol Pot and his colleagues, what meant more than the capital punishment?”
Because of the apprehension and suspicion of the Angkar, almost 2 million innocent people died unjustly. Some people who were tortured and killed at Tuol Sleng prison were accused of being CIA spies of America because they had made a small mistake.
During the Khmer Rouge genocidal regime, led by Pol Pot, Nuon Chea, Ieng Sary, and Khieu Samphan, each of them was worried and suspecting too much that the people under the DK regime, the same, did not trust each other and even people living in the family were observing one another.
According to the study of Professor ‘Yeru Paul’, it has been discovered that during the leadership of the DK, Pol Pot was not the only one who had the sickness of worrying too much about the politics. Yeru Paul described that all of the leaders of the Khmer Rouge movement were having the same sickness of suspicion which led to killing each other. The South-West Zone destroyed the Eastern Zone, for example.
Because of the excess of their restless state of mind, they considered everything which was left from the previous ‘regime’, including words, the way of speaking, culture, and religion, as the enemies of their revolutionary Angkar, represented by Pol Pot and the Communist Party of Kampuchea.
Meanwhile, the outside world and everything which were not ‘Khmer’ were regarded as the threats to them. Therefore, in order to defense itself, the revolutionary Angkar of the Khmer Rouge took action to destroy the enemies. As a result, the Democratic Kampuchea or the Khmer Rouge regime brought the existence of the Killing Fields and atrocities to its own Cambodian people.
Now, Pot Pot, known as Salot Sar died already, but his villainous acts are still deep in people’s mind since Pol Pot had not been prosecuted while he was living.
It should be noticed that under the agreement between the UN and the Cambodian government, the ECCC has to prosecute the former senior DK leaders and people most responsible for crimes and server violations from April 17, 1975 to January 6, 1979 on the Cambodian criminal law, international humanitarian law, international customary law and other treaties which Cambodia had accepted. Moreover, the ECCC is a hybrid court which has both national and international legal officials while the national and international laws have to be upheld.
-Extracted from Moneaksekar Khmer, vol.14, #3196, Thursday, June 28, 2007.